University of Wisconsin- River Falls

Agricultural Education Forestry Curriculum and Resources

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Unit 7 - Forest Production

Objectives:

At the end of this unit, students will be able to:

1. Summarize the categories of living and nonliving damaging forests agents and their overall impact on forests.
2. List specific major forest insect pest, within each of the major insect categories, along with an explanation of the tree species they attack and the type of damage they cause.
3. List several specific examples of living/biotic and nonliving/abiotic disease agents, along with an explanation of the tree species they attack and the type of damage they cause.
4. List several specific examples of forest damage caused by animals.
5. Discuss the "benefits" and "problems" associated with fire in forest ecosystems.
6. State the three elements necessary for a fire to occur (i.e. side of the fire triangle), and how limiting one or more of these same elements can be accomplished to help in fire control.
7. List and summarize the major causes, types, and factors influencing forest fires.
8. Explain how and why prescribed/controlled burns as used as a management tool.
9. Identify several examples of techniques and/or equipment used in the prevention, detection, and suppression of wildfires.

Unit Concepts and Associated Resources:

Concepts:

I. Overview of the destructive agents and their impacts on forests.
II. Categories and examples of major damaging forest insects.
III. Major living/biotic disease agents.
IV. Major nonliving/abiotic disease agents.
V. Animal caused forest damage.
VI. Fire in the forest.

A. Necessary elements of a fire, and the factors that influence fire behavior.
B. Type of wildfires.
C. Wildfire prevention, detection, and suppression
D. Fire as a management tool (i.e. prescribed/controlled burning)

High School Forestry Textbook Resources:

1. Rolfe - Chapters 11 and 12
2. Burton - Chapters 6 and 11

Forest Information Resources:

1. FMD Chapters 10, 12, 14, and 20
2. WFMG Chapters 14 and 17

Publications:

1. Controlling Deer Damage in Wisconsin, Produced by: UWEX Cooperative Extension, Publication number: G3083, Keywords: wildlife habitat, deer
2. Forest Management Strategies to Minimize the Impact of the Gypsy Moth, Produced by: UW-Madison Department of Forest Ecology and Management, 1997, Publication number: Forestry Fact 83, Keywords: gypsy moth, insect, silviculture, protection
3. Forest Practices for Water Quality in Wisconsin, Produced by: WI Department of Natural Resources, 2003, Publication number: FR-109, Keywords: BMP, forest operations, water quality
4. Gypsy Moth Silvicultural Guidelines for Wisconsin, Produced by: WI Department of Natural Resources, Publication number: FR-123, Keywords: insect, gypsy moth, silviculture, protection
5. Herbicides for Forest Management, Produced by: UW-Madison Department of Forest Ecology and Management, 2003, Publication number: Forestry Fact 76, Keywords: herbicide, weed control, silviculture, planting
6. How to Identify, Prevent, and Control Oak Wilt, Produced by: USDA Forest Service, Keywords: disease, oak wilt, management
7. How to Identify White Pine Blister Rust and Remove Cankers, Produced by: USDA Forest Service, Keywords: disease, white pine, management
8. How to Manage Jack Pine to Reduce Damage from Jack Pine Budworm, Produced by: USDA Forest Service, Publication number: NA-FR-01-94, Keywords: jack pine, disease, management
9. How to Recognize Hazardous Defects in Trees, Produced by: United States Department of Agriculture, Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry, Publication number: NA-FR-01-96, Keywords: tree, safety, protection
10. Identifying & Managing Pine Pests in Wisconsin, Produced by: UWEX Cooperative Extension, 1988, Publication number: G3428, Keywords: pine, protection, identification, insects, growth, disease
11. Lake State Woodlands: Oak Wilt Management-What Are the Options?, Produced by: UWEX Cooperative Extension, 2001, Publication number: G3590, Keywords: oak, silviculture, disease, protection
12. Outdoor Hazards in Wisconsin: A Guide to Noxious Insects, Plants and Wildlife, Produced by: UWEX Cooperative Extension, Publication number: G3564, Keywords: identifications, safety, protection
13. Prescribed Burning And Wildfire, Produced by: UW-Madison Department of Forest Ecology and Management, 1995, Publication number: Forestry Fact 9, Keywords: water quality, forest operations, BMP, fire
14. Protective Clothing for Chain Saw Operators, Produced by: UWEX Cooperative Extension
Publication number: G3177, Keywords: forest operations, chainsaw, safety, protection
15. Using Forestry Chemicals, Produced by: UW-Madison Department of Forest Ecology and Management, 1995, Publication number: Forestry Fact 10, Keywords: herbicides, pesticides, silviculture, planting, BMP, water quality
16. Wetlands, Produced by: UW-Madison Department of Forest Ecology and Management, 1995, Publication number: Forestry Fact 11, Keywords: water quality, forest operations, wetlands, BMP
17. Why Do We Need BMPs?, Produced by: UW-Madison Department of Forest Ecology and Management, 1995, Publication number: Forestry Fact 1, Keywords: water quality, forest operations, BMP
18. Wildfire: Are You and Your Home Prepared?, Produced by: WI Department of Natural Resources, Publication number: FR-118, Keywords: fire, safety, protection
19. Wisconsin Manual of Control Recommendations for Ecologically Invasive Plants, Produced by: WI Department of Natural Resources, 1997, Keywords: invasive, control, management

Activity Suggestions:

1. Burton - pp. 187 and 304
2. Burton Lab Manual - Chapter 6 - Exercise 1, Chapter 11 - Exercise 1
3. ECO - Activities 4, 5, and 7
4. RISK - Activity 7 part B
5. PLT - Activities 77 and 81

(See the list of references for full information on each resource listed)