University of Wisconsin-River Falls

2010 Agricultural Technology Contest

March 27, 2010

Middle School Agriscience

 

 

Contest Description and Rules:

Please direct questions to:

Chanyn McGinnis (chanyn.mcginnis@uwrf.edu) or Erin Lynch (erin.lynch@uwrf.edu)
Student Co-Chairs

 

Middle School Agriscience Contest:


This contest, open to any middle school student, will consist of 5 different areas: Plant Science, Animal Science, Agricultural Mechanics, Food Science, and FFA. Each student will complete all 5 sections of the contest through identification and multiple choice questions. Teams can consist of up to 5 students and the team score will be calculated by adding the top 2 overall individual scores.

Content:

A. Plant Science:

The middle school plant science career development event will consist of five activities:

Weed Identification, Plant Identification, Seed Identification, Plant Processes, and Plant Science Terms

Weed Identification – Students will need to be able to identify the following weeds:
• Canadian Thistle
• Lambsquarter
• Cocklebur
• Quack grass
• Dandelion
• Ragweed
• Green foxtail
• Velvet leaf
• Jimsonweed
• Wild mustard

Plant Identification – Students need to be able to identify the following common plants by their scientific name.
• African Violet / Saintpaulia species
• Rex Begonia /Begonia rex
• Rubber Plant / Ficus elastica
• Peace Lily / Spathiphyllum species
• Heartleaf Phildendron/Philodendron scandens oxycardium
• Aluminum Plant /Pilea cardierei
• Snake Plant/ Sansevieria trifasciata
• English Ivy / Hedera helix
• Spider Plant / Chlorophytum commosum
• Wandering Jew /Zebrina pendula

Seed Identification – Students must be able to identify the following seeds.
• Barley
• Rye
• Corn
• Soybeans
• Oats
• Wheat
• Sorghum

Plant Processes ‐ Students should understand the following concepts:
• Photosynthesis
• Transpiration
• Respiration
• Propagating
• Tropism (geo, hydro, photo)

Terms – Students should be able recognize the following terms:
Tap root, fibrous root, stems, xylem, phloem, cambium, complete flower, incomplete
flower, pistil, ovary, ovule, stigma, style, stamen, anther, filament, pollen, seed, embryo,
seed coat, endosperm, leaves, chloroplast, sepal, receptacle, transpiration, respiration,
tropism, photosynthesis, fertilization, germination, asexual propagation grafting,
separating and sexual propagation, bulb, corm, bud, leaf scar, bud scar, auxiliary and
terminal bud

B. Animal Science:

Identification:

Beef/Dairy:

Sheep:

Swine:

Horses:

Angus

Columbia

Berkshire

Quarter Horse

Brown Swiss

Dorset

Chester White

Clydesdale

Charolais

Finnsheep

Duroc

Paint

Guernsey

Hampshire

Landrace

Belgian

Holstein

Rambouillet

Hampshire

Appaloosa

Jersey

Suffolk

Poland China

Tennessee Walker

Limousin

Merino

Yorkshire

Arabian

Polled Hereford

Palomino

Simmental

Thoroughbred

     

Dog breeds

Cat Breeds

Rabbits

Beagle

Siamese

Angora

Basset Hound

Bombay

Californian

Doberman Pinscher

Egyptian Mau

Dutch

Border Collie

Scottish Fold

English Lop

Welsh Corgi

Persian Rex

Polish

English Setter

Himalayan

 

Terms:

Terms for the following questions in these eight species (Cats, Cattle, Dogs, Goats,
Horses, Poultry, Sheep, and Swine) when applicable:
• Males of breeding age
• Mature female
• Young male
• Young female
• Newborn
• Unsexed male
• Unsexed female
• Groups
• Genus
• Act of parturition
• Length of gestation

Identification:
• Parts of the English & Western saddle
• Parts of the dairy cow
• Ready to Cook chicken parts

Boneless, Skinless split breast Boneless, skinless thigh
Breast Quarter Drumstick
Leg Tenderloin
Thigh Wing



C. Ag Mechanics: Students should know be able to identify the majority of the following hand tools by photograph or actual tool:
• Measuring tools
• Saws
• Chisels and files
• Cutters
• Wrench
• Drills
• Hammers
• Clamps
• Pliers
• Screwdrivers
• Wrenches
• Landscaping tools

Students should know the definitions of a layout tool, a cutting tool, a boring tool, a holding tool, tuning tool, digging tool, and a driving too; with the knowing these definition to be able to place certain hand tools into correct category.

Students should also be able to identify the following:
• Staple
• Parts of a screw
• Stripped screw
• Types of screw heads
• Types of nuts

Students should know the definition of a penny in regards to nails.

D. Food Science:

Terms for Test
• Drying
• Jerky
• Pickling
• Salting
• Canning
• Blanching
• Freeze‐drying
• Mad Cow Disease
• USDA
• Pesticide residues
• E. coli bacteria

Cheese Identification
• Cheddar
• Bleu
• Colby
• Munster
• Gouda

E. FFA

Terms:

• FFA mission
• Classroom/Laboratory
• SAE
• FFA Emblem
• FFA Colors
• FFA Motto
• Discovery Degree

Dates:
• Smith‐Hughes Act
• FFA established
• FFA Jacket adopted
• NFA founded
• FFA Week established
• FFA and NFA merge
• FFA opened to female students
• National FFA Alumni founded
• Name change to National FFA Organization
• National FFA Center in Indianapolis opens
• FFA Discovery Degree added

References:
Agriscience: Fundamentals & Applications, 4th Edition, by L Devere Burton and Elmer L. Cooper. Published by Thomson – Delmar Learning. ISBN 1‐4018‐5962‐3.

Exploring Agriscience, 3rd Edition, by Ray V. Herren. Published by Thomson ‐ Delmar Learning. ISBN 10: 1‐4018‐9644‐8.

Official FFA Student Handbook.

USDA Poultry Grading Manual (http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELDEV3002393)

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